disc golf toronto

When you start looking into disc golf, you quickly realize that disc golf has some small learning curves. What types of discs there are to purchase, types of throws, and course words/lingo.


Players need to balance long drives with precision curves as you move about the course into approach shots then putting. There is a rhythm to it, and it feels amazing when you make a great toss 1 after another. For all this stuff you have to learn some basics so you can approach the sport with confidence.

Disc Golf Toronto is here to walk you through some of the basic formalities for choosing discs. Then we will be guiding you through the types of throws and important information that you can expect to see no matter where you play.


Types of Different Discs


Like traditional golf where players can use different golf clubs the same is with disc golf.

-Different discs have different usages.

-Every single disk is different from every other disk and that is caused by the shape of the rim.

-Choosing the right discs and throws will help improve your game.

-Mainly there are 4 different types of discs in disc golf, and they are classified based on:

1. Distance-Drivers

2. Fairway-Drivers

3. Midranges

4. Putters

-Knowing about the discs and understanding disc mechanisms is crucial to know what each disc does and when discs should & should not be used on the course.


Flight Numbers

Flight numbers are usually presented like this on the disc

Speed # - Glide # - Turn # - Fade #

Further explanation presented below Types of Throws.


1- Distance Drivers

As their name (Distance Drivers) suggests that these are the types of discs that are made for traveling for long-distance shots. Some of the distance drivers are designed to cut through the wind, while the other discs offer extra glide (Usually the first flight number on discs is Distance which means the distance which a disc flies without any turn in the direction) It Can sometimes provide additional distance for less powerful throwers with good technique.

SIDE NOTE: New players have trouble throwing Distance Drivers.


2- Fairway Drivers

The fairway drivers can achieve the same distance as the distance drivers do and that is the reason why the distance drivers and fairway drivers are called drivers. But the other reason why fairway drivers are different from distance drivers is because of the accuracy. The fairway drivers are easy to control and throw. And to all of the beginners, we recommend using fairway drivers for long-distance rather than distance drivers. If you are a beginner seeking accuracy and distance in a disc then fairway drivers can be your best bet.


3- Midranges

A Midrange is a disc that you will use when you need control more than you need distance. Midranges are mostly used by beginners. These types of discs seem to be perfect when you are approaching the disc golf basket. And if you are brand-new to disc golf, you may notice that your Midranges are flying about as far as your distance/fairway drivers are. That is relatively common for newbies, and that's going to change as you improve upon your basics. But these discs are great for straight approaches to the basket.


4- Putters

These discs are the most important disc that must be in your bag. When choosing a putter, your choice really comes down to how the disc feels in your hand, and how it flies for you. Putters are less aerodynamic and these discs are a lot bulkier than the other discs. Putters are not designed for long-distance, but these discs are very helpful in strategic, and target disc throws. Putters can also be used for many other types of throws including short and long putts, approach shots, and short drives.


Disc Flights



The term stability refers to how much a disc resists turning when it's fully powered. There are three types of stability in discs.

1. Over-Stable

2. Stable or Neutral

3. Under-Stable


(all guides are for right handed throws, throwing backhand) (If throwing lefty, it will be opposite side)



Stable (Neutral)

The stable or the neutral disc is going to be a disc that's going to have a slight turn to it. It is going to be thrown flat and it is going to fade a little bit.




The last one is under stable. This is the disc that does not want to go left it wants to go to the right-hand side and once it turns itself to the right side, then it is not coming back. 

Types of Throws

The angle that a disc is on while it is flying is going to dictate which direction it will move. If a disc is on the right side (under stable) angle, it's going to move to the right side of the fairway. If it is on the left side (over stable) angle, then it is going to move to the left side.


That is because the disc is shaped like a wing so it is generating lift and also it is falling. The wind is going to be pushed over to one side generating movement. In that way, every disc is going to move towards a vertical angle at the end of its flight as it slows down and the direction that it goes at the end is going to be caused by the spin.


A clockwise rotation is going to move to the left and a counterclockwise rotation is going to move to the right. This is also known as fade. But the discs don't just change the angle at the end of their flight they can also change the angle at the beginning of their flight this is known as the turn. (side note, you will notice discs have flight numbers. Knowing the turn and fade while comparing to what type of thrower you are will be key to your success)


To control all of these things and have a perfect disc throw first you will need to understand some throwing techniques. There are basically three different types of throws in disc golf. Which are:

1. Hyzer

2. AnHyzer

3. Forehand Hyzer/AnHyzer


The Hyzer throws. This throw is used when there is an obstacle in the way of the basket. The players use this throw to create a natural turn in the shot, so they can better target the basket in presence of an obstacle.


AnHyzer This throw is the opposite of the hyzer throw. The AnHyzer throw is when the top of the disc is tilted slightly toward your body. This forces the disc to fly to the right more so than it would naturally. This is used for great S shaped shots for maximizing distance or for short approach shots around an obstacle.


Forehand This is one of the most common throws used in disc golf which is performed by holding the disc out to the side and releasing out in front of the body. Forehand can help you play a wide range of shots, performed by holding the disc out to the side and releasing it out in front of the body.


Flight Numbers

Speed - Higher speed typically mean more distance.

Glide - How long the disc will stay and float in the air.

Fade - The fade is the natural direction the disc wants to end its flight on depending on the direction of the rotation of the disc. Higher the fade means more over-stable during or at the end flight. Each disc flight number impacts how the fade performs.

Turn: Is tricky to explain for my self. But there are key aspects I will explain that will help a new player to the sport.

1. The turn number related to the disc offer different types of shots that can be used.

2. A -3 or -4 turn can be good for a roller shot or a big under-stable curve shot.

3. A disc with these numbers Speed 9 / 5 Glide / -1 Turn / 1 Fade. When thrown flat with some power and good technique you should get a nice Ƨ flight with the disc.

4. The more minus the turn number will typically make it more UNDERSTABLE and prone to flip over on its face/top of the disc from left to right.


Types Of Different Course Terms

As disc golf is an interesting game, disc golf also has some unique course terminologies which players must be aware of. Here are some of the disc golf course slang words or lingo.


Tee pad: The Tee Pad is the designated area for the first starting throw.

Circle: Refers to the 10-meter circle around a basket.

Death putt: When a player is throwing his shot toward a basket that has a hazard, OB, or obstacle behind it.

Field ace: When a player throws the disc into the basket from a long way away, but not from the tee pad.

Hyzer flip: When a disc is thrown on a hyzer angle and it rotates (flips) and flies flat.

Jump-putt: A jumping technique used for putting outside the 10-meter circle.

Lay-up: When a player attempts to get their disc near the basket for an easy putt.

Mulligan: A second chance or redo on a shot.

Noodle Arm: Description of a disc golfer that cannot throw very far.

OB: Out Of The Bound Par: The expected number of throws it will take to get in the basket from the tee pad.

Two on one: This is the practice of taking two throws on the first hole during casual rounds and playing from the better.

If you are looking to ignite your dive into the world of disc golf, you are in the right place. Check out our wide selection of discs and other disc golf accessories and products.